Any time you go to Greece you will need to read or understand what there is on the menu. Now below, i have created a simple dictionary of ingredients from the Greek food where you can find all the different dishes and ingredients you might end up finding in Greece.
Hopefully that will help you understand better what you eating or know what you need in case you need to cook something Greek. The column on the left describes everything in Greek language, the middle is Greeklish – an effort to pronounce everything with latin letters and the third English explanation.
|Cookie often made on the islands and served at weddings and baptisms
|A warm sauce made with eggs and lemon. Served with meat, in soups, with vegetables.
|Cod, most often consuming the salted preserved cod, which was desalted and cooked with tomato sauce or fried.
|Pastries made with phyllo, honey and walnuts
|Okra. Usually cooked with tomato sauce in a stew or roasted in the oven with tomatoes.
|Beef patty. The hamburger! Usually a mixture of ground beef along with herbs, breadcrumbs and egg.
|A mixture of vegetables including potato, zucchini, eggplant and onion stewed or roasted in olive oil
|Pastry made with dough, fried in olive oil and dipped in honey
|Rice or meat wrapped in vine leaves, often served with avgolemono
|Tomato patties. Patties made with tomatoes, flour and herbs fried
|Meat cooked with peppers, tomatoes, onions and cheese in wax paper.
|A puree made with fava beans which are yellow spit peas.
|Lentils, traditionally cooked in a thick soup with olive oil and served with vinegar.
|Green beans. They are usually cooked with tomato sauce and olive oil.
|A general term for beans
|Semi-soft cheese made from sheep and goat milk
|A popular iced coffee made from instant coffee
|A sweet made with phyllo and a custard filling
|Anchovies. They are either marinated in vinegar and salt or fried.
|A hard yellow and salty cheese made from sheep’s milk
|The village salad, classic salad you could eat in Greece. Made with tomatoes, cucumbers, green pepper, onion, feta and olive oil.
|A egg pasta usually cut in small squares.
|Greens. Boiled and consumed with olive oil and lemon.
|Savory pie made with thick phyllo dough and greens.
|Octopus. Served grilled or marinated.
|Calamari or squid. Often served fried as an appetizer.
|Walnut cake. A cake made with walnuts and syrup
|Hard yellow cheese made from sheep’s or goat’s milk
|Small fried meatballs usually made from ground beef and ground pork.
|Organ meats and sweetbread pieces are passed through a skewer and wrapped with the intestines (usually of lamb) then grilled in a spit or grill until crunchy. Traditionally prepared for Easter.
|Zucchini savory pie
|Food made with tomato, from the word kokkino which means red.
|Cookies, usually the shape of a ring or braided.
|Cauliflower. Usually consumed cooked in tomato
|Christmas butter cookies covered with powdered sugar.
|Wine (A variety of famous wines exist in Greece)
|May refer to any oil, but usually means olive oil
|Dolmades made with cabbage
|Stewed dishes (sometimes roasted), usually vegetable based made with olive oil and tomato
|A soup made from lamb offal and avgolemono (egg-lemon sauce), served traditionally on the eve of Easter.
|Honey cookies. Cookies traditionally made for Christmas with honey, olive oil and walnuts.
|Small servings or tidbits of food to be served with a drink.
|Cookies made from the must of wine.
|Casserole made with potato, eggplant and ground beef.
|Foods that adhere to the Greek Orthodox Fast (nistia)
|Alcoholic drink of anise distillation
|A dish of baked eggplants stuffed with ground beef, cheese and tomato.
|A rusk, usually referring to Cretan barley rusk.
|A sweet made from sesame seeds and honey.
|A casserole made with pasta, ground beef, béchamel and tomato.
|Refers to the savory pies made with phyllo dough but also to pita bread
|A cake made with semolina and syrup.
|Sardines. Usually served grilled or cured
|A garlic dip made with garlic, bread or potato and olive oil
|Meat balls that are covered in spicy tomato sauce
|Skewers with pork meat (sometimes with chicken)
|Spinach pie made with phyllo and spinach and with or without feta cheese.
|Dish made with spinach an rice cooked with a bit of tomato.
|Refers to a stew made with baby onions, tomatoes and spices, usually with veal but also made with rabbit or chicken.
|Dip made from a mixture of fish roe, bread and olive oil.
|Cheese savory pie usually made with feta cheese.
|Pellet shaped pasta made with milk
|A sweet bread made with eggs and various spices. Similar to a brioche. Traditionally made for Easter.
|Dip made from yogurt, garlic, olive oil and dill.
|Cake made for New Years Day to celebrate Saint Basil. A coin is hidden in the cake, the person who gets the coin is believed to have good luck for the year.
|Sour cherry drink, served often in the summer.
|Stuffed tomatoes, peppers and/or zucchini with just rice or herbs or with ground meat.
|Beef and rice balls cooked in avgolemono sauce
|Casserole, usually a type of meat cooked with pasta
|Γλυκό του κουταλιού
|Spoon sweets. Preserves of whole fruits that are served to guests on small spoon and plate.